'He who opens a school, closes a prison'
* Use THERE IS when the noun is singular or uncountable in affirmative sentences:
“There is a pen” / "there is some water"
* “THERE ISN'T” is used for singular or uncountable nouns in the negative:
There isn't time for this. (Uncountable “time”)
* Use "IS THERE...?" to ask if something exists with singular or uncountable nouns:
Is there a pen on the table?/ Is there some water in the fridge?
Yes, there is / No, there isn't
* Use THERE ARE when the noun is plural in affirmative sentences:
(“There are two pens”).
* "THERE AREN'T" is used for plural countable nouns in the negative:
"There aren't two teachers"
* Use " ARE THERE...?" to ask if something exists in plural:
Are there two teachers in the classroom?
Yes, there are / No, there aren't
We use the words much and many to talk about quantity and amounts.
We use 'how much' with uncountable nouns:
"How much money do you have?"
We use 'how many' with countable nouns:
"How many students are there?"
The main rule is this:
If a word is countable (e.g. one book, two books), you must always use an article (or my, his, etc.)
a book/ an eraser
THE: When it is clear which thing we are talking about.
the table / the pencils
A/AN : Means "one" or "a single"
a + consonant ( a book)
an + vowel ( an eraser)
We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something.
When using some, any or a lot of/lots of , the exact number is not stated. The exact number is not important or relevant.
They are used with countable and uncountable nouns.
Some is used with both countable and uncountable nouns: There are some tacks / there is some water.
Some is used in positive sentences: There are some children outside.
Some is also used in questions when we are making a request, if we think the answer will be positive: Can I have some milk, please?
Any is used in negative sentences: There isn't any water on the table.
Any is used in questions: Are there any students in the classroom?
A LOT OF/ LOTS OF
A lot of and lots of can both be used with plural countable nouns and with singular uncountable nouns for affirmatives, negatives, and questions:
We've got lots of / a lot of things to do.
You are going to watch different school supplies included in the box.
Try to remember as many as possible and write them on your notebook. How many items do you remember?
There isn’t ____ atlas here.
How ____ time do you need?
There ____ any books on the table.
Are there____colored pencils?
How ____ pens are there?
There are ____ musical instruments.
Todos los materiales empleados en esta unidad formativa son de creación propia o con licencia de distribución Creative Commons.
Material realizado por la profesora Carmen Crespo Castillo del IES Miguel de Cervantes de Murcia, bajo licencia Creative Commons: cita al autor, no comercial y material reutilizable.