TRAVELLING

VOCABULARY



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SEAT

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TROLLEY

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SPEED

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JET LAG


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WINDOW

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AISLE

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ONE WAY

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RETURN


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BOARDING GATE

 Choose the correct option

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BOARDING PASS

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TAKE OFF

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LAND

READING COMPREHENSION



JET LAG
READ THE TEXT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BELOW


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Jet lag is a combination of fatigue and other symptoms caused by travelling abruptly across different time zones. Travelling to a different time zone disrupts the circadian rhythm. And it can take many days to readjust to the new time zone. In fact, NASA estimates that you'll need one day for every one-hour time zone crossed to get back to your normal rhythm and energy levels. So a five hour time difference means that you'll need five days to get back to normal. There is no cure for jet lag, but its effects ( memory lapses, irritability, digestive upsets,...) can be reduced with careful planning.

Flying east or west makes a difference. Your circadian rhythm (body clock) is less confused if you travel westward. This is because travelling west ‘prolongs’ the body clock’s experience of its normal day–night cycle. Travelling eastwards, however, runs in direct opposition to the body clock.


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There is no evidence that popular strategies, such as fasting or eating complicated diets, have any effect. Suggestions to reduce the impact of jet lag while travelling include avoiding alcohol and caffeinated drinks, eating small meals frequently, choosing lighter foods like fruit and vegetables or wearing loose, comfortable clothing.

Some travellers use alcohol to help them get to sleep, but this actually disrupts the normal sleep cycles and can prolong jet lag. The impact of alcohol on the body is 2-3 times more potent when you're flying.


 True or False?

1. On lengthy journeys it is unlikely that any measures will eliminate jet lag

2. A copious meal before taking a flight is likely to minimize the effect of jet lag.

3. If you fly from Europe to America the effect of Jet Lag is less aggressive than if you fly from America to Europe

4. One glass of wine in flight has the effect of 2-3 glasses on the ground.


 Link the words on the left, as they appear on the text, with their synonyms on the right

GRAMMAR



TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE


In English, we can express future situations with different tenses, but there are 2 which are more commonly used than the rest:

  • WILL/WOLN'T + infinitive = for spontaneous decisions, promises, predictions.

Oh, what a mess! I'll clean it right now (spontaneous decisions)

I promise I will book the flights tomorrow (promises)

The conservatives will win the general elections again (predictions

  • BE GOING TO + infinitive = for plans, predictions

 Next summer I am going to visit my family in Belgium (plans)

I think it is going to rain all week (predictions)


WILL vs. GOING TO


 Choose the correct option

I think I ................ to the concert with you

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 Choose the correct option

Look at that plane. It looks as if the wheel ..................

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 Choose the correct option

I promise I ................ you prepare your birthday party

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 Choose the correct option

My niece .................... to the party. She has a piano lesson

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 Choose the correct option

What would you like, madam? I ......... have some caviar and champagne, please

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 Choose the correct option

The football match is at 8. My dad and I .............. watch it together

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AUDIOVISUAL COMPREHENSION



MAYA BAY: SAVING PARADISE (watch the video and set up the subtitles if you need them)


 Choose the correct answer according to the video


 Choose the correct answer according to the video


 Choose the correct answer according to the video

3. According to the narrator, how long is this situation going to last?

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 Choose the correct answer according to the video


 Click on the correct option


 Choose the correct answer according to the video

6. How does the young guy react when he sees he cannot get to the beach?

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 Choose the correct answer according to the video

7. What is one of the measures taken by the local authorities to regenerate the bay?

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 Choose the correct answer according to the video

8. According to the expert in Bangkok, are there any indications of recovery?

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