Jobs influence who we are and our relations with others. In most societies, jobs are a fundamental source of self-respect and social identity. Historically, family names in many cultures were associated with specific occupations because people defined themselves by what they did: ''Miller'' in English, ''Herrero'' in Spanish, ''Schumacher'' in German and ''Charpentier'' in French are significant examples.
Jobs connect people with others through networks. The workplace can be a place where one can encounter new ideas and information and also interact with people of different ethnicities. The distribution of jobs within society has a strong influence on people's expectations and aspirations for the future and on their perception of social justice.
These individual influences of jobs may have collective consequences. Having or not having a job may affect key elements of social cohesion such as the capacity of societies to manage collective decision making peacefully. The frustration of unemployed young people during the Arab Spring, for example, suggests that the lack of jobs can be a source of social conflict.
However, this does not mean that the relationship between jobs and social cohesion is immediate or direct. On the contrary, the relationship is contextual and shaped by individuals; by their values, attitudes, and behaviours; and by the institutions that surround them. And it goes both ways: social cohesion can influence jobs by shaping the context in which investment decisions are made.
Unemployment can cause depression and lead people to drop out of community life. Migrants without social ties are often excluded from job opportunities that would allow them to succeed int heir new environments. In extreme cases, if people, particularly youth, lack jobs and hope for the future, they may turn to violent or criminal activity to compensate for the absence of self-esteem and sense of belonging that a job might give them. Similarly, jobs offering opportunities for future growth can lead to alienation and frustration.
In some countries, people change their family names depending on their jobs
The workplace is an environment where people from different backgrounds can connect
As a result of the Arab Spring, there was more unemployment
The relationship between jobs and social cohesion is direct
Young people without a job have less expectations for the future
Jobs where employees cannot promote may result in frustration
Sometimes, when we want to ask something to somebody, and we intend to do it in a more polite way and not too directly or even aggressively, we use a different structure. This type of questions is the ones we find more often in a job interview or in the workplace.
Indirect questions have a subject/verb inversion, and they can be started in different ways:
How old are you? (DQ) / Could you please tell me how old you are? (IQ)
When will be the final exams? (DQ) / Do you know when the final exams will be? (IQ)
How can I pay for the trip? (DQ) / I would like to know how I can pay for the trip (IQ)
Prepare the interview and do some research about the company
Bring a friend with you to the interview
Don't show initiative, the interviewers will think you're arrogant
Your outfit on the day of the interview is a key factor
Avoid eye contact with the interviewer
Don't make questions to the interviewers, you are there only to answer and not to ask
Being fluent in foreign languages will help you get the job