THE JOB MARKET

VOCABULARY



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Employer

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Employee

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Interview

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Resumé


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Training

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Unemployed

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References

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Covering letter


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To hire

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To fire

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To apply

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To recruit


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To promote

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To give a raise

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Headhunter

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Vacancy


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Full-time job

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Part-time job

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Health insurance

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Retirement benefits


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Applicants will be called for ...................... between 10 and 16 April.

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If a company is recruiting new workers, they want people to ........ more employees

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Employment actions


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Hard-working

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Relaxed

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Lazy

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Ambitious


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Workaholic

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Insecure

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Anxious

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Outgoing


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People's person

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Messy

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Organized

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Flexible


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Tom is very good at keeping track of office supplies. He's very ............

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I'm not very confident about my work. In fact, I'm quite .....

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Job skills

READING COMPREHENSION



JOBS & SOCIETY

READ THE TEXT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BELOW


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Jobs influence who we are and our relations with others. In most societies, jobs are a fundamental source of self-respect and social identity. Historically, family names in many cultures were associated with specific occupations because people defined themselves by what they did: ''Miller'' in English, ''Herrero'' in Spanish, ''Schumacher'' in German and ''Charpentier'' in French are significant examples.


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Jobs connect people with others through networks. The workplace can be a place where one can encounter new ideas and information and also interact with people of different ethnicities. The distribution of jobs within society has a strong influence on people's expectations and aspirations for the future and on their perception of social justice.

These individual influences of jobs may have collective consequences. Having or not having a job may affect key elements of social cohesion such as the capacity of societies to manage collective decision making peacefully. The frustration of unemployed young people during the Arab Spring, for example, suggests that the lack of jobs can be a source of social conflict.

However, this does not mean that the relationship between jobs and social cohesion is immediate or direct. On the contrary, the relationship is contextual and shaped by individuals; by their values, attitudes, and behaviours; and by the institutions that surround them. And it goes both ways: social cohesion can influence jobs by shaping the context in which investment decisions are made.



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Unemployment can cause depression and lead people to drop out of community life. Migrants without social ties are often excluded from job opportunities that would allow them to succeed int heir new environments. In extreme cases, if people, particularly youth, lack jobs and hope for the future, they may turn to violent or criminal activity to compensate for the absence of self-esteem and sense of belonging that a job might give them. Similarly, jobs offering opportunities for future growth can lead to alienation and frustration.


 Link the words on the left, as they appear on the text, with their synonyms on the right



 Which one of the following statements are true according to the text?

In some countries, people change their family names depending on their jobs

The workplace is an environment where people from different backgrounds can connect

As a result of the Arab Spring, there was more unemployment

The relationship between jobs and social cohesion is direct

Young people without a job have less expectations for the future

Jobs where employees cannot promote may result in frustration

GRAMMAR



WHAT IS AN INDIRECT QUESTION?

Sometimes, when we want to ask something to somebody, and we intend to do it in a more polite way and not too directly or even aggressively, we use a different structure. This type of questions is the ones we find more often in a job interview or in the workplace.

Indirect questions have a subject/verb inversion, and they can be started in different ways: 

  • Do you know when...?, Could you please tell me when...? / Do you know by any chance when....? 
  • Do you know if...? / I was wondering if... / Have you any idea of...? / Would you mind telling me...?
  • Can you tell me if...? / I would like to know if...? / Can you let me know if....?

EXAMPLES:

How old are you? (DQ) / Could you please tell me how old you are? (IQ)

When will be the final exams? (DQ) / Do you know when the final exams will be? (IQ)

How can I pay for the trip? (DQ) / I would like to know how I can pay for the trip (IQ)


WATCH THE VIDEO AND COMPLETE THE ACTIVITIES BELOW


 Choose the correct option

2. Could you tell me ...... gone?

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3. Do you have any idea how long ....... me to do it?

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4. She asked me where ....... from

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 Choose the correct option

I was wondering why ....... the train. It's quicker.

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6. Can you tell me how much ........ ?

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AUDIOVISUAL COMPREHENSION



Interview tips


 Which one of the following tips are true according to the video?

Prepare the interview and do some research about the company

Bring a friend with you to the interview

Don't show initiative, the interviewers will think you're arrogant

Your outfit on the day of the interview is a key factor

Avoid eye contact with the interviewer

Don't make questions to the interviewers, you are there only to answer and not to ask

Being fluent in foreign languages will help you get the job


 Link the job interview questions on the left with the suitable answers on the right